Category Archives: Infrastructure

The World’s Largest Floating Solar Plant Is Finally Online

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The world’s largest floating solar power plant is now online in China. Built by Sungrow, a supplier of PV inverter systems, the 40MW plant is now afloat in water four to 10 meters deep, and successfully linked to Huainan, China’s grid. The placement was chosen in large part because the area was previously the location of coal mining operations; and, as a result, the water there is now mineralized and mostly useless. The lake itself was only formed after years of mining operations, the surrounding land collapsed and created a cavity that was filled with rainwater.

Floating solar plants are advantageous because they put otherwise useless water and land to good use, and the water naturally cools the system and the ambient temperatures, improving generation and limiting long-term damage from heat. They also avoid taking up space in densely populated regions, which is especially an issue in China; the country is currently home to more than 100 cities with populations of at least one million people each. Finally, the floating PV arrays, customized to work efficiently despite higher levels of humidity, prevent the evaporation of fresh water.

Although it was once among the worst offenders worldwide in the realm of carbon emissions and climate change, China has turned the page in a serious way. Now, it has become a world leader in the adoption of renewables in its quest to lead the way toward a greener, more sustainable future. This kind of dedication is what each country needs to commit to. As climate change progresses, we continue to see negative trends and changes; the last three years have all set horrifying temperature records. The future of humanity is directly tied to the future of renewables. Fortunately, innovations like the floating solar plant prove that there are almost endless ways to approach the problem in a practical, effective way.

Originally published by Futurism.

Remember, no problem has a quick fix solution. Thus, always ensure to consult highly knowledgeable group of professionals whom would provide you with a collective advice, never individual advice. This group advise and approach is unique with CWIIL Group and is based on the overall Management Philosophy of all CWIIL Group Companies.

Consulting CWIIL Group of Companies, for any / all investment matters ensures advice based on highest level of knowledge which are given to you by a team of select research-oriented experts whom each will do their own assessing of your matter, and also assess it together, thus ensuring that in case a mistake has been made by one, it will be noticed and corrected even before it is being passed on to you. Receiving incorrect and unknowledgeable investment advice can be disastrous and thus should be avoided.

CWIIL Group of Companies is a global group of multi-specialized units with diversified interests and activities, wherein each company is a separate legal entity registered under prevailing laws in different parts of the world. CWIIL Group of Companies Products, Services, Project and Solutions are in a multitude of Verticals including, but not limited to, Infrastructure, Power, Oil & Gas, Legal, Media, Technology, ITES, HR, Shipping, Aviation, Real Estate, Hospitals, Health and Medicine, Education, Funding & Investment, Business and Legal Consultancy, and Public Private Partnerships, and other CWIIL Group Units, worldwide, to name a few.

For Further Queries Feel Free to Contact :

For Queries Specific to China :

Email: china@cwiilgroup.com , hq@cwiilgroup.eu
Web: www.cwiilgroup.com , www.cwiilgroup.eu

For Any / All Other Queries :
CWIIL Group Global Regional Headquarters Denmark,
Address : No. 1, Klokkebjergevej, DK6900 Skjern, Denmark
Voice : +45.5148.3608
Fax : +45.7014.1498
Email : corpcomm@cwiilgroup.eu
Web : www.cwiilgroup.eu
Connect : LinkedIn – Twitter – Facebook

Office Hours :
Monday to Friday : 10.00 – 17.00 CET.
Saturday : 10.00 – 14.00 CET.
Sunday : Closed.

The Corporate Communications Team would require minimum a fortnight for Reviewing & Responding to Queries, which please note.

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China’s Solar Output Increased 80% in First Quarter

China electricity output from photovoltaic plants rose 80 percent in the first quarter after the world’s biggest solar power market increased installed capacity.

Solar power generation rose to 21.4 billion kilowatt-hours in the three months ended March 31 from a year earlier, the National Energy Administration said Thursday in a statement on its website. China added 7.21 gigawatts of solar power during the period, boosting its total installed capacity to almost 85 gigawatts, the NEA said.

The power-generation increase comes even as more solar plants stand idle because of congested transmission infrastructure. China idled about 2.3 billion kilowatt-hours of solar power in the first quarter, up from 1.9 billion kilowatt-hours a year earlier, according to the NEA data.

Central and eastern China accounted for about 89 percent of new capacity, the NEA said.

Originally published by Bloomberg.

Remember, no problem has a quick fix solution. Thus, always ensure to consult highly knowledgeable group of professionals whom would provide you with a collective advice, never individual advice. This group advise and approach is unique with CWIIL Group and is based on the overall Management Philosophy of all CWIIL Group Companies.

Consulting CWIIL Group of Companies, for any / all investment matters ensures advice based on highest level of knowledge which are given to you by a team of select research-oriented experts whom each will do their own assessing of your matter, and also assess it together, thus ensuring that in case a mistake has been made by one, it will be noticed and corrected even before it is being passed on to you. Receiving incorrect and unknowledgeable investment advice can be disastrous and thus should be avoided.

CWIIL Group of Companies is a global group of multi-specialized units with diversified interests and activities, wherein each company is a separate legal entity registered under prevailing laws in different parts of the world. CWIIL Group of Companies Products, Services, Project and Solutions are in a multitude of Verticals including, but not limited to, Infrastructure, Power, Oil & Gas, Legal, Media, Technology, ITES, HR, Shipping, Aviation, Real Estate, Hospitals, Health and Medicine, Education, Funding & Investment, Business and Legal Consultancy, and Public Private Partnerships, and other CWIIL Group Units, worldwide, to name a few.

For Further Queries Feel Free to Contact :

For Queries Specific to China :

Email: china@cwiilgroup.com , hq@cwiilgroup.eu
Web: www.cwiilgroup.com , www.cwiilgroup.eu

For Any / All Other Queries :
CWIIL Group Global Regional Headquarters Denmark,
Address : No. 1, Klokkebjergevej, DK6900 Skjern, Denmark
Voice : +45.5148.3608
Fax : +45.7014.1498
Email : corpcomm@cwiilgroup.eu
Web : www.cwiilgroup.eu
Connect : LinkedIn – Twitter – Facebook

Office Hours :
Monday to Friday : 10.00 – 17.00 CET.
Saturday : 10.00 – 14.00 CET.
Sunday : Closed.

The Corporate Communications Team would require minimum a fortnight for Reviewing & Responding to Queries, which please note.

‘Forest Cities’: the Radical Plan to Save China from Air Pollution

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An artist’s impression of Liuzhou’s plans for a ‘Forest City’

When Stefano Boeri imagines the future of urban China he sees green, and lots of it. Office blocks, homes and hotels decked from top to toe in a verdant blaze of shrubbery and plant life; a breath of fresh air for metropolises that are choking on a toxic diet of fumes and dust.

Last week, the Italian architect, famed for his tree-clad Bosco Verticale (Vertical Forest) skyscraper complex in Milan, unveiled plans for a similar project in the eastern Chinese city of Nanjing.

The Chinese equivalent – Boeri’s first in Asia – will be composed of two neighbouring towers coated with 23 species of tree and more than 2,500 cascading shrubs. The structures will reportedly house offices, a 247-room luxury hotel, a museum and even a green architecture school, and are currently under construction, set for completion next year.

But Boeri now has even bolder plans for China: to create entire “forest cities” in a country that has become synonymous with environmental degradation and smog.

“We have been asked to design an entire city where you don’t only have one tall building but you have 100 or 200 buildings of different sizes, all with trees and plants on the facades,” Boeri told the Guardian. “We are working very seriously on designing all the different buildings. I think they will start to build at the end of this year. By 2020 we could imagine having the first forest city in China.”

Boeri described his “vertical forest” concept as the architectural equivalent of a skin graft, a targeted intervention designed to bring new life to a small corner of China’s polluted urban sprawl. His Milan-based practice claimed the buildings would suck 25 tons of carbon dioxide from Nanjing’s air each year and produce about 60 kg of oxygen every day.

“It is positive because the presence of such a large number of plants, trees and shrubs is contributing to the cleaning of the air, contributing to absorbing CO2 and producing oxygen,’ the architect said. “And what is so important is that this large presence of plants is an amazing contribution in terms of absorbing the dust produced by urban traffic.”

Boeri said, though, that it would take more than a pair of tree-covered skyscrapers to solve China’s notorious pollution crisis.

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Nanjing Green Towers, promoted by Nanjing Yang Zi State-owned National Investment Group Co. ltd., will be the first Vertical Forest built in Asia. Photograph: Stefano Boeri Architetti

“Two towers in a huge urban environment [such as Nanjing] is so, so small a contribution – but it is an example. We hope that this model of green architecture can be repeated and copied and replicated.”

If the Nanjing project is a skin graft, Boeri’s blueprints for “forest cities” are more like an organ transplant. The Milan-born architect said his idea was to create a series of sustainable mini-cities that could provide a green roadmap for the future of urban China.

The first such settlement will be located in Luizhou, a mid-sized Chinese city of about 1.5 million residents in the mountainous southern province of Guangxi. More improbably, a second project is being conceived around Shijiazhuang, an industrial hub in northern China that is consistently among the country’s 10 most polluted cities.

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Artist’s impression of the Liuzhou Forest City. Photograph: Stefano Boeri Architetti

Compared with the vertical forests, these blueprints represent “something more serious in terms of a contribution to changing the environmental urban conditions in China,” Boeri said.

Boeri, 60, first came to China in 1979. Five years ago he opened an office in Shanghai, where he leads a research program at the city’s Tongji University.

The architect said he believed Chinese officials were finally understanding that they needed to embrace a new, more sustainable model of urban planning that involved not “huge megalopolises” but settlements of 100,000 people or fewer that were entirely constructed of “green architecture”.

“What they have done until now is simply to continue to add new peripheral environments to their cities,” he said. “They have created these nightmares – immense metropolitan environments. They have to imagine a new model of city that is not about extending and expanding but a system of small, green cities.”

Boeri described the idea behind his shrub-shrouded structures as simple, not spectacular: “What is spectacular is the nature, the idea of having a building that changes colour with each season. The plants and trees are growing and they are completely changing.”

“We think – and we hope – that this idea of vertical forests can be replicated everywhere. I absolutely have no problem if there are people who are copying or replicating. I hope that what we have done can be useful for other kinds of experiments.”

Originally published by Guardian – “Guardian Cities is dedicating a week to investigating one of the worst preventable causes of death around the world: air pollution. Explore our coverage at The Air We Breathe and follow Guardian Cities on Twitter and Facebook to join the discussion”.

Remember, no problem has a quick fix solution. Thus, always ensure to consult highly knowledgeable group of professionals whom would provide you with a collective advice, never individual advice. This group advise and approach is unique with CWIIL Group and is based on the overall Management Philosophy of all CWIIL Group Companies.

Consulting CWIIL Group of Companies, for any / all investment matters ensures advice based on highest level of knowledge which are given to you by a team of select research-oriented experts whom each will do their own assessing of your matter, and also assess it together, thus ensuring that in case a mistake has been made by one, it will be noticed and corrected even before it is being passed on to you. Receiving incorrect and unknowledgeable investment advice can be disastrous and thus should be avoided.

CWIIL Group of Companies is a global group of multi-specialized units with diversified interests and activities, wherein each company is a separate legal entity registered under prevailing laws in different parts of the world. CWIIL Group of Companies Products, Services, Project and Solutions are in a multitude of Verticals including, but not limited to, Infrastructure, Power, Oil & Gas, Legal, Media, Technology, ITES, HR, Shipping, Aviation, Real Estate, Hospitals, Health and Medicine, Education, Funding & Investment, Business and Legal Consultancy, and Public Private Partnerships, and other CWIIL Group Units, worldwide, to name a few.

For Further Queries Feel Free to Contact :

For Queries Specific to China :
Email: china@cwiilgroup.com , hq@cwiilgroup.eu
Web: www.cwiilgroup.com , www.cwiilgroup.eu

For Any / All Other Queries :
CWIIL Group Global Regional Headquarters Denmark,
Address : No. 1, Klokkebjergevej, DK6900 Skjern, Denmark
Voice : +45.5148.3608
Fax : +45.7014.1498
Email : corpcomm@cwiilgroup.eu
Web : www.cwiilgroup.eu
Connect : LinkedIn – Twitter – Facebook

Office Hours :
Monday to Friday : 10.00 – 17.00 CET.
Saturday : 10.00 – 14.00 CET.
Sunday : Closed.

The Corporate Communications Team would require minimum a fortnight for Reviewing & Responding to Queries, which please note.

Beijing Issues Bond to Finance New Airport – Investment Advice by CWIIL Group of Companies

Lawmakers in Chinese capital Beijing approved Friday government plan to issue additional bonds worth 6.7 billion yuan ($1 billion) to finance the building of the new airport.

Around 4 billion yuan of the bonds will be used to support land expropriation and housing demolition in the project, Li Yingjin, head of the municipal finance bureau, said in a report to the municipal people’s congress on adjustment to the 2015 budget.

Li attributed the increased funding to reasons like larger demolition areas. According to an early report, 23.8 billion yuan will cover land compensation fees for the new airport.

The construction of the new airport in southern Beijing’s Daxing District started in December 2014 and take about five years to complete.

The airport, which is designed to handle 72 million passengers, 2 million tons of cargo and mail, and 620,000 flights by 2025, will meet Beijing’s rising demand for air transportation and help achieve balanced development in the capital’s southern and northern areas.

These materials are not intended and should not be used as legal advice or other recommendation. If you need a legal opinion on a specific issue or factual situation, please contact a lawyer. Anyone using these materials should not rely on them as a substitute for legal advice.

Remember, no problem has a quick fix solution. Thus, always ensure to consult highly knowledgeable group of professionals whom would provide you with a collective advice, never individual advice. This group advise and approach is unique with CWIIL Group and is based on the overall Management Philosophy of all CWIIL Group Companies.

Consulting CWIIL Group of Companies, for any / all investment matters ensures advice based on highest level of knowledge which are given to you by a team of select research-oriented experts whom each will do their own assessing of your matter, and also assess it together, thus ensuring that in case a mistake has been made by one, it will be noticed and corrected even before it is being passed on to you. Receiving incorrect and unknowledgeable investment advice can be disastrous and thus should be avoided.

CWIIL Group of Companies is a global group of multi-specialized units with diversified interests and activities, wherein each company is a separate legal entity registered under prevailing laws in different parts of the world. CWIIL Group of Companies Products, Services, Project and Solutions are in a multitude of Verticals including, but not limited to, Infrastructure, Power, Oil & Gas, Legal, Media, Technology, ITES, HR, Shipping, Aviation, Real Estate, Hospitals, Health and Medicine, Education, Funding & Investment, Business and Legal Consultancy, and Public Private Partnerships, and other CWIIL Group Units, worldwide, to name a few.

For Further Queries Feel Free to Contact :

For Queries Specific to China :
Email: china@cwiilgroup.com , hq@cwiilgroup.eu
Web: www.cwiilgroup.com , www.cwiilgroup.eu

For Any / All Other Queries :
CWIIL Group Global Regional Headquarters Denmark,
Address : No. 1, Klokkebjergevej, DK6900 Skjern, Denmark
Voice : +45.5148.3608
Fax : +45.7014.1498
Email : corpcomm@cwiilgroup.eu
Web : www.cwiilgroup.eu
Connect : LinkedIn – Twitter – Facebook – Quora

Office Hours :
Monday to Friday : 10.00 – 17.00 CET.
Saturday : 10.00 – 14.00 CET.
Sunday : Closed.

The Corporate Communications Team would require minimum a fortnight for Reviewing & Responding to Queries, which please note.

Laibin B Power Project, the First State-Approved BOT Project In China – Specialized PPP Solutions From CWIIL Group of Companies

The tremendous economic growth in China had resulted in an immense demand for basic infrastructure like roads, ports and power generation facilities in 1990s. The World Bank estimated that investment in infrastructure in China would rank top among all East Asian countries and account for US$750 billion over the period of 1995 to 2004 (Lianhe Zaobao, 1996). Road and power projects commanded top priority. To meet the development needs, the Chinese government had been enthusiastic in granting favorable concessions to attract foreign investment. Some regulations for foreign investment were promulgated one after the other. Meanwhile, several state-approved pilot build-operate-transfer (BOT) projects have been awarded since late 1996 in order to introduce BOT on a larger scale, such as the Laibin B power project, Dachang water project and Changsha power project.

In fact, several power plants and roads have already been built on a BOT basis in China before Laibin B (Tiong 1990; Tam 1995). They were not however recognized by the central government as official BOT projects though many companies outside China have regarded them as model projects. In addition, although there are three major modes of investments, i.e. sole proprietorship, joint venture, and construction cooperation, which can be practiced in China, most of the BOT projects implemented in China before Laibin B were based on joint venture path (Shen et al. 1996).

As the first state-approved BOT project, Laibin B is the second phase project for Laibin Power Plant. It involves the investment, financing, design, construction, procurement, operation and maintenance and transfer of a 2×360 MW coal-fired power plant with an estimated cost of US$600 million to be located at Laibin County in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, a Chinese backwater southern province where most foreign investors might not venture willingly.

The concession terms require a very tight completion schedule and appear to offer a relatively low rate of return. But the prospect of joining the first consortium to test the new BOT framework was incentive enough for a number of developers to submit tenders. The Electricite de France (EDF) and GEC Alstom consortium, which tendered under the name of the Consortium, finally won the concession from five other short-listed competitive tenderers with a very aggressive tender and the backing of France’s export-credit agency, COFACE.

Project Partners

Central Government : The central government has provided its strong support to Laibin B given its status as the first official pilot BOT project which will set the benchmark, not least in terms of risk allocations, for other future BOT infrastructure projects. The project has been approved at the State Council level, and State Planning Commission (SPC) and Ministry of Power Industry (MOP) have directly participated throughout the project development, tendering, bid evaluation and award process. They together with State Administration for Exchange Control (SAEC) have each issued a support letter in relation to the project. The three support letters effectively support and underpin Guangxi Government’s ability to perform and demonstrate the central government’s commitment to ensure the success of the project.

Provincial Government : For Laibin B, many of the uncertainties were thus cleared because Guangxi Government made some guarantees and incentives. Laibin B is underpinned by three main contracts namely, the Concession Agreement (CA), Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) and Fuel Supply & Transportation Agreement (FSTA) with CA as the overriding contract which summarizes all the major rights and obligations of the project company (the Consortium) and Guangxi Government in relation to the concession given for the investment, financing, design, construction, procurement, operation and maintenance of the project. The Guangxi Government is the counterparty to the Consortium under the CA, and provides some guarantees of PPA, FSTA and Dispatch Agreements.

Sponsor : In Laibin B project, Electricite de France International (EDFI) and GEC Alstom are the sponsors. EDFI is a wholly owned subsidiary of EDF which is 100% owned by the French government and much experienced in international investment and power plant operation. GEC Alstom is a wholly owned subsidiary of GEC Alstom N.V. which is jointly owned by The General Electric Company, PLC of the United Kingdom and Alcatel Alstom of France.

Project Company : French Investment Guangxi Power Company LTD., the project company of Laibin B, under the shareholder agreement of 60% held by EDFI while the other 40% owned by GEC Alstom, is a wholly foreign-owned enterprise incorporated in China. As the project company, it was responsible for the financing, design, construction, operation and maintenance over the concession period; at the end of concession, the power plant returns to Guangxi Government without charge.

Lender : The debt/equity ratio of Laibin B is about 3, and the project company has limited-recourse debt of US$0.462 billion and shareholder’s equity of US$0.154 billion. The bank consortium headed by Credit Agricole Indosuez (French), HSBC Investment Bank (UK) and Barclays Capital (UK) is the lender of the project. In addition, France’s export-credit agency COFACE provides export credit insurance for about US$0.312 billion of the debt.

Customer : In accordance with the PPA Guangxi Government’s subsidiary department Guangxi Power Industry Bureau (GPIB) is required to purchase the minimum net electrical output of 3,500 million kWh (approximately 63% of plant load factor) each operating year from Laibin B.

Supplier : The government’s subsidiary Guangxi Construction and Fuel Corp. Ltd. (GCFC) is liable to supply the fuel (coal and/or oil) required and paid for by the Consortium. The Consortium has the right to reject fuel that is not in conformity with the fuel specifications described in the FSTA.

Contractor : The Construction Services Contractor is a special purpose joint venture comprising Alstom Export and Compagnie Financiere de Valorisation pour L’Ingenierie (COFIVA). The Equipment Supplier/ Contractor is a consortium comprising GEC Alstom Centrales Energetiques SA and EDF, acting through its division CNET.

Operator : Guangxi Laibin Synergie Operating Maintenance for Generation Co. Ltd. is a joint venture, which is owned by EDFI with 85% of share, GPIB and Guangxi Development and Investment Co. Ltd. (GIDC) for another 7.5% of share each.

Remember, no problem has a quick fix solution. Thus, always ensure to consult highly knowledgeable group of professionals whom would provide you with a collective advice, never individual advice. This group advice and approach is unique with CWIIL Group and is based on the overall Management Philosophy of all CWIIL Group Companies.

Consulting CWIIL Group of Companies, for any / all matters relating to Public-Private Partnerships, (PPP), ensures advise based on highest level of knowledge which are given to you by a team of select research-oriented experts whom each will do their own assessment of your matter, and also assess it together, thus ensuring that in case a mistake has been made by one, it will be noticed and corrected even before it is being passed on to you. Receiving incorrect and un-knowledgeable business advise can be disastrous and thus should be avoided.

CWIIL Group of Companies is a global group of multi-specialized units with diversified interests and activities, wherein each company is a separate legal entity registered under prevailing laws in different parts of the world. CWIIL Group of Companies Products, Services, Project and Solutions are in a multitude of Verticals including, but not limited to, Infrastructure, Power, Oil & Gas, Legal, Media, Technology, ITES, HR, Shipping, Aviation, Real Estate, Hospitals, Health and Medicine, Education, Funding & Investment, Business and Legal Consultancy, and Public Private Partnerships, and other CWIIL Group Units, worldwide, to name a few.

For Further Queries Feel Free to Contact :

For Queries Specific to China :
Email: china@cwiilgroup.com , hq@cwiilgroup.eu
Web: www.cwiilgroup.com , www.cwiilgroup.eu

For Any / All Other Queries :
CWIIL Group Global Regional Headquarters Denmark,
Address : No. 1, Klokkebjergevej, DK6900 Skjern, Denmark
Voice : +45.5148.3608
Fax : +45.7014.1498
Email : corpcomm@cwiilgroup.eu
Web : www.cwiilgroup.eu
Connect : LinkedIn – Twitter – Facebook – Quora

Office Hours :
Monday to Friday : 10.00 – 17.00 CET.
Saturday : 10.00 – 14.00 CET.
Sunday : Closed.

The Corporate Communications Team would require minimum a fortnight for Reviewing & Responding to Queries, which please note.

 

 

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